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Mengungkap makanan fermentasi terbaik untuk meningkatkan kesehatan otak

Mengungkap makanan fermentasi terbaik untuk meningkatkan kesehatan otak

Para peneliti sedang melakukan penelitian besar untuk mengetahui pengaruh makanan fermentasi terhadap kesehatan otak. Hasil awal menunjukkan bahwa semua 200 makanan fermentasi yang dipelajari menunjukkan potensi untuk meningkatkan kesehatan usus dan otak, dengan produk berbasis gula dan fermentasi tanaman yang menjanjikan. Produk gula fermentasi, terlepas dari namanya, mengubah gula mentah menjadi metabolit bermanfaat yang dapat memengaruhi otak secara positif. Studi lebih lanjut akan menggunakan usus besar dan model hewan buatan untuk menyelidiki efek dari metabolit ini pada otak, dengan tujuan mendorong masyarakat untuk memasukkan makanan fermentasi ke dalam diet mereka untuk kesehatan mental dan kesejahteraan umum.

Sebuah studi tentang efek makanan fermentasi pada kesehatan otak mengungkapkan bahwa hampir 200 makanan fermentasi yang dianalisis menunjukkan potensi untuk meningkatkan kesehatan usus dan otak. Gula dan produk nabati telah menunjukkan manfaat paling signifikan, dengan lebih banyak penelitian untuk menentukan efek spesifik dari makanan ini pada otak.

Banyak negara di dunia memiliki makanan fermentasi sendiri yang tertanam dalam budaya dan pola makan. Tidak mungkin kebetulan bahwa ini terjadi berulang kali. Tampaknya logis bahwa makanan fermentasi menawarkan lebih dari sekadar cara pengawetan.

Diet dapat sangat memengaruhi kesehatan mental Anda dan penelitian sebelumnya telah menunjukkan bahwa makanan tertentu sangat baik dalam memengaruhi otak Anda secara positif. Makanan fermentasi adalah sumber triptofan, yang merupakan amina[{” attribute=””>acid key to the production of serotonin, a messenger in the brain which influences several aspects of brain function, including mood. The foods may also contain other brain messengers (known as neurotransmitters) in their raw form. It’s no surprise then that research has shown that eating fermented foods may have various long- and short-term impacts on brain function, such as reducing stress. But which foods have the biggest impact on brain health?

Homemade Fermented Kombucha Tea

Kombucha is a popular fermented beverage made from sweetened tea, typically black or green, that undergoes a fermentation process using a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast (SCOBY). This effervescent drink has a tangy, slightly sweet taste and is believed to offer various health benefits. Rich in probiotics and antioxidants, Kombucha has gained popularity for promoting gut health, aiding digestion, and potentially boosting the immune system. While its origins are unclear, it is believed to have originated in ancient China or Russia and has since become a trendy health drink enjoyed worldwide.

Researchers at APC Microbiome, University College Cork, and Teagasc (Ireland’s Agriculture and Food Development Authority) in Moorepark, Cork, Ireland are currently working on a large study to finally answer this question. Ramya Balasubramanian and the team at APC compared sequencing data from over 200 foods from all over the world, looking for a variety of metabolites that are known to be beneficial to brain health.

The study is still in its initial stages, but researchers are already surprised by preliminary results. Ramya explains, “I expected only a few fermented foods would show up, but out of 200 fermented foods, almost all of them showed the ability to exert some sort of potential to improve gut and brain health.” More research is needed to fully understand which groups of fermented foods have the greatest effects on the human brain, but results are showing an unexpected victor.

Kimchi

Kimchi is a traditional Korean fermented dish made from a variety of vegetables, most commonly napa cabbage, and seasoned with spices and other ingredients like garlic, ginger, and red chili pepper flakes. The mixture undergoes a fermentation process facilitated by lactic acid bacteria, resulting in a tangy, spicy, and slightly sour taste. Kimchi is rich in probiotics, vitamins, and minerals, which contribute to its various health benefits, including promoting gut health, improving digestion, and boosting the immune system. This iconic Korean staple is enjoyed as a side dish, ingredient, or condiment in numerous dishes, and its popularity has spread globally due to its unique flavor and health benefits.

“Fermented sugar-based products and fermented vegetable-based products are like winning the lottery when it comes to gut and brain health,” explains Ramya.

“For all that we see on sugar-based products being demonized, fermented sugar takes the raw sugar substrate, and it converts it into a plethora of metabolites that can have a beneficial effect on the host. So even though it has the name ‘sugar’ in it, if you do a final metabolomic screen, the sugar gets used by the microbial community that’s present in the food, and they get converted into these beautiful metabolites that are ready to be cherry-picked by us for further studies.”

These further studies are what’s next for Ramya. She plans to put her top-ranked fermented foods through rigorous testing using an artificial colon and various animal models to see how these metabolites affect the brain.

Ramya hopes that the public can utilize these preliminary results and consider including fermented foods in their diet as a natural way of supporting their mental health and general well-being.

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